In-house programming: an option for small and medium sized niche companies
|Forfattere||Kai A. Olsen|
|Institusjon||University of Bergen and Molde University College|
|ISSN/ISSN2||1892-0713 (trykk) / 1892-0721 (online)/|
AbstraktIn an inter-galactic battle in a science fiction novel by Isaac Asimov (1958), computers are an
important weapon. As long as anyone can remember, computers have been used for virtually
everything. Then, a simple technician presents his hobby: the ability to add, subtract, multiply
and divide using pen and paper. It was hard to believe: “Computing without a computer is a
contradiction in terms.” The military sees the possibilities at once. The new method offers
flexibility and the ability to put humans into the loop, as opposed to the rigidity of the
automatic systems. With this new, top-secret tool, they can think out of the box – in the end -
defeating the enemy.
Today, we don’t have a war between galaxies, but we do have strong competition between
businesses. Computers are an important tool in this struggle, but do not offer any strategic
advantage since the technology is available to all. Businesses use similar machines and
similar software, sometimes even identical ERP systems implemented by the same experts.
This raises the question of whether programming could be a way for small and medium-sized
enterprises to get “out of the box.”
ReferanserAsimov, I. (1958) The feeling of power, Worlds of Science Fiction, February, Quinn Publishing Company (also at http://www.themathlab.com/writings/short%20stories/feeling.htm).
Akkermans, H.A., Bogerd, P., Yücesan, E., van Wassenhove, L.N. (2003) The impact on ERP on supply chain management: Exploratory findings from an European Delphi study, European Journal of Operational Research, 146, 284–301.
Beck, K., Andres, C. (2005) Extreme Programming Explained, 2nd ed., Addison-Wesley.
Braa, K., Vidgen, R. (1999) Interpretation, intervention, and reduction in the organizational laboratory: a framework for in-context information systems research, Accounting, Management & Information Technology, 9, 25–47.
Carr, N.G. (2003) IT Doesn’t Matter, Harvard Business Review, May, 41–49.
Carr, N.G. (2004) Does IT matter? Information technology and the corrosion of competitive advantage, Harvard Business School Press, Boston.
Cockburn, A. (2002) Agile Software Development, Addison-Wesley.
Davenport, T.H. (1998) Putting the enterprise into the enterprise system. Harvard Business Review, July-August, 121–131.
Dörner, C., Draxler, S., Pipek, V., Wulf, V. (2009) End Users at the Bazaar: Designing Next- Generation Enterprise Resource planning System, IEEE Software, September/October.
Hasan, M., Tring, N. T., Chan, F., Chan, H. K., Chung, S. H. (2011) Implementation of ERP of the Australian manufacturing companies, Industrial Management & Data Systems, 111(1), 132–145. Hirchheim, R.A., Klein, H. K., Lyytinen, K. (1996) Exploring the intellectual structures of information systems development: a social action theoretical analysis. Accounting, Management & Information Technology, 6(1–2), 1–64.
Johansson, B., Sudzina, F. (2008) ERP systems and open source: an initial review and some implications for SMEs, Journal of Enterprise Information Management, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 21(6), 649–658.
Lippert, M., Becker-Pechau, P., Breitling, H., Koch, J., Kornstädt, A., Roock, S., Schmolitzky, A., Wolf, H., Züllighoven, H. (2003) Developing Complex Projects Using XP with Extensions, Computer, June.
Malhotram R., Temponi, C. (2010) Critical decisions for ERP integration: Small business issues, International Journal of Information Management, 30(1), 28–37.
McGovern, T. & Hicks, C. (2004) How political processes shaped the IT adopted by a small make-toorder company: a case study in the isulated wire and cable industry, Information & Mangement, 42, 243–257.
Muffatto, Moreno (2006) Open Source: A Multidisciplinary Approach, Imperial College Press. Nonås, S.L., Olsen, K.A. (2005) Optimal and heuristic solutions for a scheduling problem arising in a foundry, Computers & Operations Research, 32(9), 2351–2382.
Olsen, K.A. (2009). In house programming is not passé – automating originality, IEEE Computer, April, 114–116.
Olson, D.L. (2004) Managerial Issues of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems, McGraw Hill, USA. Parry, G. (2005) Counting the cost, IEE Manufacturing Engineering, February/March, 22–25. Whyte, W. F. (Ed). (1991) Participatory action research, Sage, Newbury Park, CA.
Williams, L., Cockburn, A. (2003) Agile Software Development: It’s about feedback and Change, Computer, June, 36
Womack, J.P., Jones, D. (2005) Lean Solutions, Free Press, New York.
Yen, H. R., Sheu, C. (2004) Aligning ERP implementation with competitive priorities of manufacturing firms: An exploratory study, International Journal Production Economics 92, 207–220.
Forrige artikkel Neste artikkel